The island of New Guinea in the Indonesian archipelago remains one of the last oases free of chitrid fungi, a fatal frog infection that has destroyed 90 species of frogs throughout the world.
The authors of the new study published this week in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and Environment, have plans to safeguard disease in New Guinea and frog populations, but said they needed help.
In the new document, the researchers identified steps that must be taken to keep the Chytrid sponge from Papua.
“I often find disasters before they occur, and have the opportunity to stop them,” said Deborah Bower, a researcher at the University of New England in Australia. – We know what to do.
Deadly fungal infections first appeared in East Asia, but as a result of international trade pets spread rapidly on all continents. Nearly 40% of frogs today are endangered.
Scientists are not entirely sure how Papua and its population remain disease free.
“Many frogs in Papua are used in close proximity to Australian species, which have been destroyed by chytrids, so expect them to be equally vulnerable,” said Simon Kluul, a researcher at Macquarie University in Australia. “Other species in Papua are not common because they hatch from eggs as fully trained frogs, rather than going through the tadpole stage and don’t know how it will affect themselves.”
When the creature reaches New Guinea, scientists believe 100 species will be threatened. Some studies show amphibians recorded losses as a result of climate change, disease and environmental damage that continues throughout the world.
When mushrooms arrive in Papua, the authors of the new study have developed detailed plans – including training, prevention, detection, response and recovery – to minimize the impact on frog populations on the island.