The number of cases of measles reported in the US has been high for 27 years.
The last time a case of measles rose to this level was in 1992, 963 cases were reported this year. We haven’t even passed half of 2019 and 971 cases have been reported, according to a statement by the Centers for Disease Control and Control (CDC).
In 2000, measles removal from the United States was announced. But this highly contagious disease has just returned – partly because of a group of unvaccinated people. Against the background of the many measles outbreaks in the country, scientists warn that the US is moving backwards on its journey towards eradication.
For example, the measles outbreak has resulted in defeat in New York and New York Rockland County over the past eight months. (The CDC defines “measles outbreaks” as three or more cases.) If the case continues to increase in the summer and fall, the US can lose its measles removal status.
“This loss will be a big blow to the nation and eliminate heavy work at all levels of public health,” the CDC wrote. Before the spread of the measles vaccine, around 3 to 4 million people would suffer measles every year, and 400 to 500 of them would die as a result.
The emergence and widespread use of vaccines, which are very effective, have led to the elimination of measles. The most common form of children’s vaccines, the MMR vaccine, is 97% effective in protecting diseases, according to the CDC. (This vaccine also prevents mumps and rubella, two more viral infections.)
“Measles is prevented, and to end this outbreak, it must be ensured that all children and adults who can be vaccinated are vaccinated,” said Drs. Robert Redfield, director of the CDC, in the statement.
The CDC recommends that children receive two doses of the MMR vaccine, the first between 12 months and 15 months and the second between 4 and 6 years. However, if you are traveling abroad (where measles may be more outrageous), it must be protected from the vaccine every 6 months and longer. Babies from 6 to 11 months need one dose before traveling, and each older person must have two doses, they wrote.
“Again, I want to convince parents that vaccines are safe and do not cause autism,” Redfield said. “A greater danger is a disease that prevents vaccines.”